How many types of electric forklift trucks are there?

How many types of electric forklift trucks are there?

Dec 20, 2022

There are six main classifications about the characteristics of electric forklifts, which are: electric pallet forklift; electric pallet stacker forklift; reach truck; universal electric forklift; four-way electric forklift; VNA narrow aisle forklift. The following is an analysis of the market range of the six features.


(1) Electric pallet handling forklift truck The main function of electric pallet forklift truck is to achieve point-to-point movement of pallet goods on a flat surface, therefore there is no gantry lifting system, it is suitable for places that focus on handling and do not need stacking, there are three types of self-propelled, stand-and-drive and sit-and-drive forklift trucks with different costs. (2) Electric Pallet Stacker Forklift Electric pallet stacker forklift is a kind of light indoor lifting and stacking equipment, focusing on stacking function, because of the light body. It is suitable for the handling of small and light materials in floor-type warehouses or other narrow places.


(3)Forward moving forklift truckThe lifting mechanism of the forward moving forklift truck can move back and forth in the longitudinal direction of the forklift truck. When forking goods. The centre of gravity of the goods falls within the four pivot points formed by the wheels. Therefore, the forklift truck has better flexibility, high lifting safety and stability. The load range is usually 1-2.5 tonnes and the lifting height can be up to 12 metres. However, due to the small wheels. Passing is restricted, and because of the complex structure, the cost is higher, so it is suitable for places with narrow space and high lifting height requirements, and is mostly used in high-rise storage depots.


(4) Universal electric forklift truckThe universal electric forklift truck can travel in all directions. In addition to the main features of counterbalanced forklift trucks, the three wheels can travel in ~ direction at any angle in unison, so this model is flexible in steering, and after forking goods, it can turn in place and move the forklift truck in any direction according to the restrictions of the site. This model solves the problem of steering long materials in narrow spaces, greatly saving space, and can achieve diagonal palletizing and demolition in trains and carriages.


(5) Four-way electric forklift truckThe four-way electric forklift truck integrates the functions of the forklift truck, side fork and counterbalanced forklift truck in one. In terms of construction. It is basically the same as the front-shift forklift truck, the door frame is located between the front and rear wheels, and there are two legs in front of the truck in the shape of arms, and the front end of the legs is equipped with supporting wheels, and the goods can move back and forth with the door frame in the longitudinal direction of the forklift truck. When forking and unloading, the forks are extended, and after forking and unloading the goods, the forks are returned to the middle position close to the car body, so the stability of forklift truck driving is greatly improved.


The difference with the forklift truck is that the two load-bearing wheels at the front of the fork legs of the four-way electric forklift truck can be turned back 90° by the steering mechanism. The minimum aisle width can usually be less than 2 metres. However, due to the complex structure, the cost is higher.


(6) VNA narrow aisle forklift truck The main feature of the VNA narrow aisle forklift truck is that the gantry lifting mechanism can be rotated in three directions, so that the car body does not need to be rotated when stacking, but only the goods or the gantry needs to be rotated. The width of the aisle is therefore considerably reduced. At present the minimum aisle width is below 1.8 metres. But at the same time. The width of the aisle also depends on the size of the pallet. For example, it is still not possible to reduce the aisle width when handling long goods. In addition, the overall weight required to ensure the stability of the lateral stacking is much greater than that of a three-point counterbalanced electric forklift truck and therefore slightly less economical.



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